Social Learning Terms


  • LEARNING– The construction of behavior patterns which society expects. Knowledge is not acquired, but is constructed through observing social interactions and developing ones own ideas about what is socially acceptable and what isn’t.
  • RECIPROCAL CAUSATION– The idea that learning is a shared function between behavior, the environment, and internal processes that all influence each other.
  • MODELING– People learn by observing behaviors of others (models) as well as the consequences of those behaviors.
  • 3 types of models:
  1. Live Model – Actual Person
  2. Symbolic Model- Representation of a model (cartoon, pictures, TV)
  3. Instructions – verbal descriptions.
  • IMITATION– The act of Mimicking the action of models by observers.
  • SELF EFFICACY– The conviction that one can successfully execute a particular behavior. People tend to choose activities at which they have high self efficacy.
  • SELF REINFORCEMENT– When people reinforce themselves for their accomplishments it increases their success in achieving their goals.
  • SELF REGULATION– A system that involves both direct and vicarious reinforcement and punishment that develops as individuals construct their own ideas about what is or isn’t socially acceptable. This involves self-observation, self evaluation, and self reaction.
  • SOCIAL NATURE OF LEARNING– Humans are Social beings, so we learn through social interaction.
  • DIRECT REINFORCEMENT– Reinforcement of a Model’s behavior, increases the probability of behavior.
  • VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT– Reinforcement of a Model’s behavior, increases the probability of the observer imitating that behavior.