Reflection

I was just getting to the point that I understood that if you learned something you could see a change of behavior. Then we get on to the theory of learning from the Cognitivist perspective. For cognitivist learning is described as a relatively permanent change in mental representations or associations due to some experience. From this point of view instruction needs to provide experiences that will help the learner facilitate the mental processes that will aid them in storing and retrieving new information. When designing instruction there are some good tools and strategies that could be helpful to strengthen learning, these include using advanced organizers, organizing information in a way to help create bonds to prior knowledge and new information. Using rehearsal, reinforcement, and practice to help strengthen the storage into a learner’s long-term memory, meaning reception theory, and Gagne’s 9 events of Instruction have been used to design instructional theories to aid learners.

One of the biggest questions I have after studding this theory is How can one truly tell if something has been learned or not, if the behavior does not change?

The learning situation activities in class helped me to put Cognitivist theory into practice. I think using the same learning situations for 2 completely different learning theories (Cognitive, and Behaviorism) worked very well. I found it interesting to see how certain situations were much easier to explain through Behaviorism and others were easier to explain using Cognitivism. These learning situations were able to show how important it can be to use techniques such as an advanced organizer or activating previous knowledge, in order to teach something completely new to an individual and actually have them retain it.

We have covered 2 theories and I can see my ideas on learning and instruction are changing a little bit as we learn more about the different theories. I am interested to see what I will learn from the next theory.