Cognitivism Theory and Learning
Cognitivism is a learning theory based around the association of how learners remember, retrieve and store information. Learning is viewed as an active process of relating information to previously learned information through the formation of mental representations or associations that are not always reflected in behaviors. Cognitivism believe that individuals are actively involved in the learning process through concepts such as processing, assimilating and accommodating (when knowledge comes in it is stored in schema and/or scripts). Cognitivism show that some of the learning processes are unique to human beings (i.e. the use of language).
To a Cognitivist, learning occurs through active mental processing, and is not shaped by environmental considerations. A Cognitivist prescribes to the internal process of learning.