Behaviorism

 

 Behaviorism Theory and Learning

Behaviorism is a learning theory that revolves around the association of a stimulus (an event in the environment used to prompt behavior) and a response (an observable reaction that an organism makes to a stimulus). Behaviorists do not consider internal thought processes, as they cannot be observed and studied. Behaviorists believe learning revolves around environmental factors that shape behavior and allow for an organism to learn. This is demonstrated with Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning. In this theory behavior is observable, thus learning is observable. The use of the word organism is important in this theory as Behaviorists believe that the principles of learning can apply to both humans and animals alike (known as Equipotentiality).

To a Behaviorist learning has been accomplished if it can be observed (in both animals and humans alike), and these observations were drawn from the results of Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning.